10 Most Popular Types Of Koi Fish

Kois are stunning fish, thanks to their beautiful color pattern and schemes. So, it’s no wonder why it’s a popular pet now. So, in this article, we have rounded up the 10 most popular types of koi fish that you may adore as a pet. The variety of Koi you may get is absolutely astounding. Let’s get familiar with 10 of the most popular types of koi fish.

Kohaku Koi 

Kohaku Koi is arguably one of the most famous types of Koi and is known as the original koi family member. This is said to be originated in the late 1800s. It features a white body with red patches. 

Depending on the intensity, these patches range from dark red to light orangey-red. This marking allows us to differentiate between different types of Kohaku. However, the best Kohaku is said to have a red spot on its head. Any Kohaku that’s without that mark is known as bozu, which is referenced as the shaven head of Buddhist monks. It is said in the ornamental Koi tradition keeping a koi fish starts and ends with Kohaku.

Sanke Koi

Sanke Koi, which is also known as Taishi Sanshoku or Taisho Sanke, comes in white and bears red and black markings. You might think of Sanke koi as Kohaku which has peppered with black spots. However, you won’t see these black, marking on their heads or below their lateral lines. Now, the snake Koi was first introduced to the public in the Taisho Era. That’s where Taisho from the other names comes from. 

Showa Koi 

Showa Koi, also known as Sanshoku or Showa Sanke, comes in a black body with red and white spots, just like other varieties. Now, this breed made its first appearance in the early 1900s during the Show era in Japan. 

Early Show Kois featured a lot of blacks, but in recent times, the breed has more white on them. And today, in recent times, the species has more white in them. So, it’s pretty tricky to differentiate modern Showa koi and Sanke Kois apart. However, one difference you may notice is that the Sanke does not have black spots in its head and below the lateral line, but Showa does. 

Utsuri Koi 

Utsuri Koi is known formally as Utsurimono. The meaning of this koi fish name means reflective ones or reflections. Originally belonging to Showa Sanshoku, Utsuri is black-bodied with bands of black wrapping around the body. 

Now, the Utsuri features three subtypes, all having black as their primary color. In addition, the variants have either red, white, or yellow spots on their black color. These Kois made their appearance in the early 1900s. In Japan, any Utsuri with a face that’s half black is very attractive.

Bekko Koi 

Bekko Koi means tortoiseshell these are basically Utsuri Kois but in bit reversed. Because they come with a colored base with black patterns. So, many people find it difficult to distinguish between the Bekko and Utsuri. But the main difference is that Bekko always has a clean head while the Utsuri marks on its head. Bekko koi comes in red, yellow, and white varieties. 

Asagi Koi 

The next koi fish we have is the Asagi koi, a blue-grey fish with dark blue lines running along the edges of its scales to form a spectacular net-like pattern. Plus, you might see that it has a red hue below its lateral lines and sometimes on its fins and belly. So, Asagi’s is said to be one of the originals that traced back to origins as far as 1850. In fact, many believe that most modern variants of koi come from Asagi koi. 

Koromo Koi 

Coming to Koroma koi, the word Koromo in the name means robed. Therefore, this koi fish comes with features a white body with red markings. As a result, you will also notice that Koromo Kois also spots net-like coloration at the edges of its scales.

Now, Koroma comes in three primary subtypes: Aigoromo, which has blue edges, and the Sumigoromo, which has black borders. And lastly, the Budogoromo has a combination of red and blue edges on its scales.

Hikari Muji 

Hikari Muji, the name itself, describes the looks of the fish. Hikari means metallic or shiny, and Muji translates to a single color. So the name Hikari Muji translates to a single color with a metallic or glossy finish. There are various types of Hikari Muji like Aka Matsuba, Orenji Ogon, Gin Matsuba, Kin Matsuba, and Yamabuki Ogon.

Tancho Koi 

Tancho koi gets its name from the Japans National Bird, which is the Tancho crane. So, the Tancho crane got its prestigious title from the single red spot on its head, which resembles the Japanese flag. So, the Tanche Koi features the same red dot on the head.

Red spots on the forehead are not something that can be bred into Tango Kois, so they end up as a result of chance. In order to be considered a Tancho, the red spot should appear between the fish’s eyes and should not extend to its nose or shoulders. Moreover, the fish should not have any other red markings.


Kois with diamond scales covering their entire bodies is called Ginrin. The scales of these fish can be metallic or platinum, creating an impressive sight. Ginrin Kois has roots dating back to the early 1900s. 

There are four main varieties of this koi fish number one is the Beta gin, whose entire bodies shine. Second is the Kado Ginrin, whose only the edges of the scales shine, and then are diamond and pearl Ginrin. The scales on a koi must sparkle throughout its body to be considered a true Ginrin. 

There are many types of koi fish kept in houses as adorable pets. But little do we know about their types and breed. That’s why we have rounded up the 10 most popular types of koi fish that you need to have.

Murphy Bernier

Murphy Bernier

Murphy Bernier is a New-York based freelance writer, professional blogger and certified dog trainer. She networks shelter pets to help them find homes and volunteers for rescue groups as she is passionate about dog rescue and adoption. From a very early age, she developed extensive animal handling skills from her dad, and that’s where her love for animals started.

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