Choosing Between European Shorthair and American Shorthair: A Comprehensive Comparison

Buckle up, cat lovers, because we’re about to embark on a whisker-licking journey to help you choose your ultimate feline champ! In this corner, we have the European Shorthair, flaunting their elongated faces and luxurious thick coats. And in the opposite corner, it’s the American Shorthair, ready to pounce with their adorable round faces and sleek short hair. So, which is better European Shorthair or American Shorthair?

“If you are looking for a cat with shorter hair that requires relatively low maintenance, the European Shorthair might be the ideal choice for you. On the other hand, if you desire a playful and cuddly companion that enjoys frequent petting and snuggling, the American Shorthair would be a great option. The European Shorthair has an elongated face, a thick coat, and long hair, whereas the American Shorthair has a round face, a thinner coat, and a short coat.”

Just like American and British shorthair cats, the European Shorthair and American Shorthair hold their own distinct charms. So, are you ready to witness the fur-flying differences between these European and American shorthair breeds? 


The European Shorthair has captured the hearts of cat enthusiasts worldwide for its remarkable adaptability and contentment in various environments. Whether you have a bustling household with frequent visitors or other pets, these beloved cats effortlessly blend into the mix. However, it’s important to note their high prey drive, making it necessary to keep small creatures like hamsters out of their reach.

The American Shorthair cat is an exceptional choice for those seeking a feline companion. Similar to their European counterparts, these cats have a reputation for being easy-going and adaptable. Their amiable nature makes them a delight to have around, as they effortlessly adjust to various environments. They possess a natural versatility that allows them to fit seamlessly into your daily routines and lifestyle.

European Shorthair
European Shorthair


Known for their loving nature, European shorthairs go above and beyond to please their pet parents. They crave affection and eagerly reciprocate the love they receive. Daily attention and cuddling are essential to keep them happy and fulfilled. With their playful spirit, having an array of cat toys readily available ensures they get the necessary exercise to stay fit and mentally stimulated. Intelligence is another trait that sets the European Shorthair apart. Harnessing their cleverness by providing food puzzles not only hones their instincts but also keeps them occupied and engaged. This delightful combination of affection, playfulness, and intelligence creates a wonderful opportunity for both the cat and the owner to enjoy mental and physical exercise together.

One of the standout qualities of the American Shorthair is their exceptional capacity for love and affection. They cherish moments spent curled up on your lap or nestled beside you, relishing the opportunity to bond with their human companions. When it comes to maintenance, American Shorthair cats are a breeze to care for. While they thoroughly enjoy playtime and require daily interaction, they possess a unique talent for keeping themselves entertained and occupied. Their playful nature shines through as they gracefully engage with toys and explore their surroundings, making them self-sufficient companions.


The European Shorthair, with its fascinating origins dating back to ancient Rome, has been a faithful companion to Roman conquerors as they ventured across lands. Recognized by the European cat association, FIFe, the breed has predominantly flourished in Luxemburg, where it received official recognition in 1992. While the European Shorthair does not possess a fully established breeding standard, its appearance closely resembles that of other beloved domesticated feline companions.

With a fascinating history, the American Shorthair stands as one of the few cats breeds native to the United States. However, their roots trace back to Europe, where they embarked on ships like the Mayflower, serving as skilled mousers for the pilgrims. Safeguarding precious food supplies from vermin, these feline pioneers played a vital role in early American settlements. In 1904, the first recorded breeding of American Shorthair cats took place, with the British Shorthair among their ancestral contributors. By the 1970s, the breed officially adopted the name “American Shorthair,” initially known as the Domestic Shorthair. Their heritage is intertwined with a tale of adventure and companionship, leaving a lasting mark on American history.

American Shorthair
American Shorthair

Health and Diet

The independent nature of the European Shorthair allows them to be proficient self-groomers. However, they still rely on your assistance for certain grooming aspects. While they groom their coat effectively, you’ll need to trim their claws regularly, considering their shift from outdoor predators to indoor companions. Additionally, weekly tooth brushing is essential to prevent dental issues as they age. Daily playtime is crucial to encourage exercise and keep them in optimal shape. When it comes to their diet, opt for cat food that is high in protein and low in fats or unnecessary additives, ensuring their nutritional needs are met.

Much like their European counterparts, the American Shorthair is a low-maintenance breed when it comes to grooming. These cats possess excellent self-grooming skills, efficiently keeping their coat in top condition. However, a few grooming aspects require your attention. Regular nail clipping, at least once a month, is necessary for their well-being. Additionally, brushing their teeth a couple of times a week promotes dental health. When it comes to brushing, the American Shorthair requires slightly more attention compared to the European Shorthair. Their thicker coats and seasonal shedding necessitate more frequent brushing to prevent matting and tangling. While their hair is slightly longer than that of the European Shorthair, proper maintenance ensures they remain knot-free and comfortable.

European Shorthair vs American Shorthair: A Comprehensive Comparison

CriteriaEuropean ShorthairAmerican Shorthair
Facial StructureElongated faceRound face
CoatThick coat with long hairThinner coat with short hair
Prey DriveHigh prey drive, may not be suitable for small petsModerate prey drive, generally safe with small pets
Lifespan 15–20 years15–20 years
Height9–11 inches8–10 inches
Weight12–15 pounds8–12 pounds

Ready to Rumble With Cuteness!

Whether you find yourself captivated by the elegant elongated face and luxurious coat of the European Shorthair or the adorable round face and sleek short hair of the American Shorthair, both breeds offer companionship and joy to their fortunate owners.

Murphy Bernier

Murphy Bernier

Murphy Bernier is a New-York based freelance writer, professional blogger and certified dog trainer. She networks shelter pets to help them find homes and volunteers for rescue groups as she is passionate about dog rescue and adoption. From a very early age, she developed extensive animal handling skills from her dad, and that’s where her love for animals started.

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